The Czech Republic is a world-known country visited by millions of tourists every year.
Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe. Prague has become one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations with about 4.5 million international visitors annually. The city boasts of hundreds of unique tourist sites including the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square, the Jewish Quarter or the Lennon Wall.
If you happen to be tired of bustling Prague or other huge Czech cities, you can always find piece and quiet in the marvellous Czech countryside. Usually, it’s enough to drive just a few miles away from the city and you can enjoy spectacular views of the picturesque landscape.
There are over 2 000 castles, keeps, and castle ruins in the Czech Republic, on of the highest density in the world. The Czech Republic is almost entirely surrounded by mountains. Czech people are the world’s heaviest consumers of beer. Prague castle is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest ancient castle in the world. Historically, the Czechia was composed of the Kingdom of Bohemia and the March of Moravia. Bohemia was first a duchy in the 9th century, then was elevated to a kingdom in 1198. The Charles University in Prague founded in 1348, is the oldest university in Eastern Europe. A Czech, the chemist Otto Wichterle, invented the soft contact lenses in 1959.The highest point in the Czech Republic is Snezka at 1 602 m (5,256 ft). The most popular sports in the Czech Republic is ice hockey.
|official name||Czech Republic – “Česká republika”|
|political system||Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic|
|capital||Prague (1 500 000 residents)|
|another big cities||Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Liberec, Olomouc|
|neighboring countries||Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia|
|anthem||Where is my home? – “Kde domov můj” (czech)|
|population||10 500 000|
|administrative division of the country||kraj (14x) > okres (67x)|
|time zone||Central European time (+ 1:00 hour)|
|currency||CZK “Kč – Koruna česká” (27 CZK = 1 EUR)|
|patron saint||St. Wenceslaus|
|drives on the side||right|
|area||78 866 km²|
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